Doctoral Students

Roosje Klap
Started in

Research summary


To what extent is creative ownership in contemporary (graphic) design practices changing now that we are co-creating with machines? And can machines have copyrights, too?

'Post_signature' looks at the landscape of creative digital ownership within (graphic) design and wants to explore and learn new ways of creating together with autonomous digital machines that can create literary and artistic productions. This project adds to an understanding of a new territory, where designers are redesigning themselves, and are seeking to find common grounds for their expanding relationships with machines.

The objective of this research project is to position collective authorship in which creative practices involve machine learning, against individual authorship, particularly in relation to the romantic ideas around the autonomous and self-creating artificial intelligence author.

The attribution of authorship and copyright belongs to existing anthropomorphic, individualistic, and predominantly Western capitalist frameworks. This research project seeks to reinvent such frameworks for co-creating with machines, hoping to avoid an immediate connection between machine authorship and capitalist systems.

The study will partly be conducted through the creation of an intelligent algorithm that mimics the practice of a human autonomous designer. This A.I. will be trained by Roosje Klap, and a group of Mechanical Turkers to process a very large amount of texts and images, which, in turn, allows the A.I. to create a written and visual language.

With this construction, the research will investigate the components of these activities and tools of the graphic design process, and reassemble these to avoid assigning specific roles and tasks to either the human or the machine. As such this project hopes to complicate and expand the idea of the single human author in today’s multifaceted collaborative making scenarios.



Roosje Klap (1973, NL) researches the experimental boundaries of custom fit design, singular yet collaborative, through close collaborations with artists, curators, architects, (type) designers and writers. Her research-based interdisciplinary approach is reflective of a generation of graphic designers that define their own assignments alongside commissions.

In 2014, Klap initiated the collective Design Displacement Group, which focuses on the current discourse of graphic design in the rapid changing (media) landscape and its’ trans-disciplinary development towards other disciplines. DDG consists of fifteen designers and a social scientist that collaborate on mostly self-initiated projects in changing compositions — a methodology that the group coined as ‘post-signature’.

Together with Niels Schrader, Klap is head of both the Graphic Design (BA) and the Non Linear Narrative (MA) departments at the Royal Academy of Art (KABK) in The Hague. Between 2011 and 2019, Klap was one of the core advising researchers at the Jan Van Eyck Academy in Maastricht, the Netherlands. Roosje Klap is a sought-after speaker at conferences, institutes and art- and design academies around the world and has been member and advisor for several committees and funds. She is chairman of Valiz Publishers, the Dutch Design Awards, and is part of the board of the Wim Crouwel Institute.


Individual projects

    • Our Brave New World

      Our Brave New World is an investigation into how the creative and cultural industries re-appropriate our technology-driven society and work to unpack how in an…

    • Post-signature, generative design and activism

      Roosje Klap lectures about her work and research for the Art and Design department of Montclair University, New Jersey, USA.

    • Post-signature, generative design and activism

      Roosje Klap lectures about her work and research for the Graphic Design department of the École Supérieure d’Arts Appliqués La Martinière Diderot, Lyon,…

    • Post-signature: perils and possibilities

      Roosje Klap presents ‘Post-signature: perils and possibilities of Artificial Intelligence from a cultural perspective’ at the KNAW conference ‘Good questions and answers about…

    • Coded Bias

      Roosje Klap is part of an online conversation panel with filmmaker Shalini Kantayya, the director of 'Coded Bias' (2020). The film explores the…

      Waag Interface (NL)
    • Cmd P for 2079

      Roosje Klap presents her artistic research on algorithms and the speculative future of print during the finissage of the exhibition 'Cmd P for…

      Allard Pierson Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
    • Workshop Ecal

      Roosje Klap gives a workshop at ECAL about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The workshop consists of creating a collaborative addendum…

      Ecole cantonale d’art de Lausanne, Lausanne (FR)
    • Integrating the Public in Artistic Research

      Roosje Klap presents her research at the ACPA conference ''Is this thing on?' The Public Dimensions of Artistic Research' in order to reflect…

      Royal Conservatoire, The Hague (NL)
    • Us by Night

      Roosje Klap speaks at symposium US BY NIGHT, a unique nocturnal experience in Antwerp, Belgium.

      Waagnatie, Antwerp (BE)
    • Type & Characters

      PhDArts student Ruchama Noorda participates in this group exhibition with the collective Civic Virtue.

      Amsterdam (NL)